The era of no privacy has come

The world’s largest social media site “Facebook” suffered the biggest setback since its creation, 50 million Facebook users leaked information. Overnight, the stock market evaporated $36.5 billion which means an average of one billion a day. This incident has already affected the domestic politics of the United States. There are indications that the company involved has also affected the internal affairs of several countries. Privacy disclosure is no longer a news hot spot that people are concerned about, but has become a real threat. The company uses user information to personalize campaign advertisements and even fake news to change the political direction. A hacking organization can change a country and it has moved from film to reality.

At the same time, I believe this incident is one of the landmark events, which indicates that difficulty of keep privacy over the Internet era. In the past, we can use firewalls to block network attacks network viruses and hackers. Nowadays, people do not even need to attack your computer to obtain your data under the big data technology. In the context of the “big data” era, every action of network users will be recorded and analyzed, which we have nowhere to escape. Therefore, we have are losing all sense of privacy.

In an age of turbulence brought about by this technology, “When a bird’s nest is overturned, no egg can remain intact. ”, and we are individually wrapped in the hurricane of the times. Did we ask ourselves how much freedom have we lost when we enjoy the benefits of science and technology? What we see and hear is what the media has chosen for us. What we think about and say is based on what we see and heard in our life. In this sense, each of us is Truman and living in “The Truman Show”. In the existing Internet world, privacy has become a thing of the past, and the era of no privacy has come.

We should avoid public too much personal information online if we want to protect our privacy. At the same time, I think that the state should formulate relative laws to protect the privacy of their people. Only the punishment of the law can really stop the crime because it will become worse when the crime without the price.

https://www.cnbc.com/2018/03/29/shares-of-a-company-that-trafficked-in-personal-facebook-data-are-plunging.html

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Deleting Facebook? Don’t worry, I’ll replace it for you.

“I can understand why you might wish to delete Facebook, especially given that the company responded to the news about Cambridge Analytica by saying, oh, no, the problem was not that someone had access to the data of 50 million people, most of whom had no idea that their information was being shared, that part was okay; the problem was they sold it. 

That is why I have this special offer: If you want to delete Facebook, but are worried that you will miss it, I am happy to become your personal Facebook and do everything that Facebook used to do.”- says Alexandra Petri for Washington Post.

I think she is right. We all forget about that not not only our data is spread globally, beside that, we all hit that button  and agree to terms and conditions to let Facebook sell it. In my opinion this scandal is not about how Facebook didn’t care much about our privacy, it’s not about selling it, it’s not even about some third party having access to it. It’s all about us and how we let our lives and data to be monitored on such platforms as Facebook without even ever reading terms and conditions. It’s all our fault and our responsibility for our life data sharing without any concerns. I know people with privacy concerns who would like to keep their life privately and low key they would never sign up for Facebook or similar applications. I’m pointing that because I think we can’t blame Facebook for not caring much about our privacy because how Zukerberg will be ablate protect us if we don’t want it? Because we all want to get reminders on when our friends having Birthdays, engaged or getting married. We all want to know that some of our friends are having strong political opinion, or we all want to see those weird facebook created collages with you and a person you haven’t talk for years as a friendversary, as well as not great pictures of us made years ago. For what? We all like it! If we wouldn’t then Facebook would never became so popular and would never be able to sell our data.

Even if my opinion that we all responsible for keeping our privacy and giving it up i do think that there should be created some more strict regulations to protect those who are not sure if they want to share their data globally. I think the Terms and Conditions should be designed different way so everyone can have access to it any moment and it should be written in more clear and understanding language to make it clear that everyone has its own responsibility to hit the button and agree to share their data or to not agree and just not to have Facebook or any similar app since we live in a century of technologies and it’s not the last scandal regarding privacy issues.

 

https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/compost/wp/2018/03/21/deleting-facebook-dont-worry-ill-replace-it-for-you/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.8fdf03064333

 

https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/i-worked-at-facebook-i-know-how-cambridge-analytica-could-have-happened/2018/03/20/edc7ef8a-2bc4-11e8-8ad6-fbc50284fce8_story.html?utm_term=.43016ddc610b

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The Fight for Data Rights in The Digital Age

By Eddie Morales

Both Cambridge Analytica and Facebook are pointing fingers at each other and arguing that the collection of big data was within their right.  That was a few years ago and facebook since then has updated its terms of service for its users. However, they are essentially admitting that their previous terms were not very ethical. Did Cambridge Analytica make a stealthy move or is facebook’s outdated terms of service to blame?

Facebook has said that it offers a number of tools for software developers. One of these tools is the “facebook login” which allows users to access other sites through their facebook account.  For users, it is fast, easy and convenient. There is no need to create an account or remember passwords. However, this grants the app developer big data of the user. Things like name, location and even friends are revealed. This was the case with an app called “this is your digital life” created by Aleksandr Kogan. The company collected an estimated amount of 30 million profiles. Profiles and data from facebook user’s friends were also obtained. All of this remained legal until Kogan shared the profiles with Cambridge Analytica.

Cambridge analytica, in turn, used this data to build personality profiles to assign to each user. This information also known as “big data” means that everything we do on and offline leaves behind digital traces. While users can delete their facebook accounts the information will still remain there. This is not only facebook but also every search an individual makes on google, a purchase on amazon or a like on instagram. All of this information is then used to measure psychological traits. Thus impacting the U.S. 2016 election among others. If facebook regulated its data sharing with other software developers this would not have happened.

Sources

https://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics/2018/3/21/17141428/cambridge-analytica-trump-russia-mueller

https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/mg9vvn/how-our-likes-helped-trump-win

https://www.recode.net/2018/3/17/17134072/facebook-cambridge-analytica-trump-explained-user-data

 

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Posted for Tara

Privacy, or Lack Thereof?

Taras Martiniouk

You live in 1997, the year before google was established and 7 years before Facebook was established. You leave your home, grab a bagel at Denis’s corner deli for $1.97 on the way to work, you grab a cab, exit on Wall street, enter the building, you have lunch at Johanna’s Restaurant, buy a Coat at Century 21 Department store, grab dinner…. This whole time you have a surveyor following you and writing these things down. What do you do? Now lets jump back to 2018 a time where you’ve agreed with one click to a tiny check box next to a terms of conditions when using Facebook for this surveyor to record and asses EVERYTHING you have done that day. In 1997 who would you hold responsible for tailing you around, the person? What if you told the person tailing you, yes please harvest my data. Little do we realize but Facebook has been harvesting our data for years. Who do we hold accountable? Only ourselves.

I believe that although it is a very slippery road when determining who is at fault when breaches happen in companies like Facebook, we agree to a very unclear legally jargoned terms and conditions, which we probably do not even read. Should Facebook be responsible for Cambridge Analytics breach, probably, but guess what? They’ll be fined and will carry on. We did consent to this, and if we do not we don’t use Facebook and google of course, or we probably live in the woods somewhere refusing to use electricity with a tin hat to keep the aliens from hearing us.

We live in a society that requires data mining to properly target our needs. When I leave work google gives me my estimate for how long till I get home, I take that for granted, little do I realize google has already known I was going home. When using Facebook, one might expect they are “private” but the problem is that Facebook is not a “government website” it’s a consumer-based product that is 100% reliant on our use for it to make money. What does that mean? You should not expect it in any way to worry for you, or the people running it to be worried about your privacy, first comes profit.

I do not in any way believe that these companies should be liable for anything more then a data breach, and a breach in their third-party app policy, which essentially is nothing different from when the bank is breached and our data is extracted. We also cannot rely on government regulations to change anything as this is strictly associated with the borders of the government that it is in. No criminal or compensation should be awarded as essentially the only true breach is that of data that has been agreed on being shared. I truly do not believe that any company should have any “moral” obligations to protect its consumer, we live in a world fueled by the consumer and when you decide to play you must pay. We as the consumer must ourselves decide whether we agree to use a product (Facebook being a product) that could ultimately collect data about everything and everyone. The only moral liability that I wish companies could hold would be that to use the data they mine to do good, like providing any data showing a possible mass crime brewing, but let’s be realistic, even then that data could fall into the wrong hands.

This situation truly brings about a life long question. How much spying is too much. If we truly look at Facebook, its no different then the situations we have had over decades with phone taps, government spying etc. Except one thing, we have fully consent to it. We must decide for ourselves when too much is too much & what we consent to.

 

https://www.cnbc.com/2018/03/29/shares-of-a-company-that-trafficked-in-personal-facebook-data-are-plunging.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/20/business/ftc-facebook-privacy-investigation.html?hp&action=click&pgtype=Homepage&clickSource=story-heading&module=first-column-region&region=top-news&WT.nav=top-news

 

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/03/google-facebook-180329092252320.html

 

 

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Giving Up Your Privacy?

Wassem Ali

To begin, I think we need to draw a clear line between Facebook and Cambridge Analytics, then discuss how to deal with each of them separately. All fingers seem to be pointed towards Facebook, perhaps because they’re such a large platform, but let’s take a second to discuss Cambridge Analytica. A whistleblower that worked for Cambridge Analytic admits that they harvested 50 million Facebook profile records which was handed to them by an academic that received it from Facebook. Almost none of the Facebook users were aware of this. I believe there should be punitive actions taken towards Cambridge Analytica. According to an undercover investigation done by Channel 4 news, Cambridge Analytica has used the data it extracted from Facebook to manipulate the election campaigns in countries other than the United States. The CEO, although pretending in public to have good intentions, was caught on camera admitting to manipulating elections. This matter shouldn’t be taken lightly. Punishing Cambridge Analytica will set a precedence for anyone else that wants to commit such an evil act of invasion of privacy and manipulation.
From the research that I have done thus far, it doesn’t appear to me that Facebook has done anything wrong. They believed the data they were sharing was going to be used for academic purposes. However, this slips does make me feel more uncomfortable with what data I put online. Facebook has a responsibility to secure this data and not share it with anyone, for reasons like this. Although most users agree to letting their data be shared, pretty much giving up their privacy, I don’t believe it’s because they want to, but more so because they almost have no choice. Either they agree to the terms, or they won’t be granted access to the app, and considering how much our society now depends on social media, people are almost forced to unwillingly compromise their privacy.
I believe that the data can be used for both good and bad. For example, non profit organizations may use the information to target people that care about their cause, spending less money on marketing to random people, and therefore have more money to spend towards their cause. It can also be used for bad such as what Cambridge Analytica used it for. Facebook isn’t completely innocent of this as well. They use this data to feed information into your newsfeed that they know you’ll like so that you use FB more often. Besides this causing somewhat of an addiction problem, where people depend on that dose of information everyday, I think it is dangerous because it doesn’t allow people to think and question their own beliefs. If you’re from the extreme right, and all the information you get is from extreme right-wing sources, then how are the right and left suppose to understand each other? If the designs were aware that what they were doing was going to be used to hurt individuals, then yes they should be punished as well.

http://money.cnn.com/2018/03/28/technology/facebook-data-awakening/index.html

http://money.cnn.com/2018/03/20/technology/what-is-cambridge-analytica/index.html

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Who’s responsible for the Facebook Data breach?

Yael Vargas

I think Facebook is responsible to for the data breach. Yes they say they did not know that this was happening but one of the articles I read, kept referencing back to the Trump campaign. So i had to do some research and I found out that the Trump campaign was also getting information from facebook. They didn’t really do anything about it back then. So a lot of people are talking about disconnecting and deactivating their facebook accounts. But in a video, I saw that facebook can still track me even if I delete the app. If a friend of mine has facebook and they have me in their contacts, facebook can track you. I’m not really sure if I was surprised to hear that yet someone else is watching us. The government is doing it and many people also have issues with that. Yes it’s an invasion of privacy and I understand why people are upset, they didn’t agree to being watched, or at least they don’t know if they did. The terms and conditions are always a checkbox and a submit button. Who reads the terms and conditions? They should explain them better, we’re not lawyers, we can decipher what they say. They should be short and simple. Overall I do think that facebook is to blame.

Links:

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/19/technology/personaltech/protect-yourself-on-facebook.html?action=click&contentCollection=Business%20Day&module=RelatedCoverage&region=EndOfArticle&pgtype=article

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/26/technology/ftc-facebook-investigation-cambridge-analytica.html

https://nyti.ms/2G1tVSg

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Navigating Consent in the Digital Age

Melisa Tekin Shoot. Edit. Post. (ARTS 370)

I believe that both Facebook and Cambridge Analytica are responsible for the data breach. As I was reading over multiple articles discussing the data breach, one word kept coming to mind: consent. Who gave consent, what they consented to, and when they gave consent are all important questions. According to Al Jazeera news, Cambridge Analytica “ gathered [data] in early 2014 through an app called ‘thisisyourdigitallife’…[and] [a]bout 270,000 users agreed to have their data collected and used for academic research in exchange for a small payment.” The Facebook users that agreed to have their data collected for this “academic research” did consent to allow their personal information to be used. However, how their information was actually used is questionable; there are allegations swirling that the data collected was used to campaign for President Trump, and Brexit. In addition, it is alleged that Cambridge Analytica not only collected the data of those that consented via the third party app, but also the data of their Facebook friends.

So, where does that leave us as users of social media? The obligation of Facebook in this is clear and evident- it should act in the interests of its users not just its shareholders. I’s needless to say that the collection and commercialization of data is no doubt an important source of revenue for Facebook and social media companies as a whole. As consumers in the digital space, it is implied and widely known that the websites we utilize at no cost necessitate the use of advertisements. This isn’t a completely foreign idea, as prior to the advent of the internet radio- listeners and tv-watchers were inundated with advertisements for consumer goods. If advertising in traditional media is analogous to mass production, internet advertising is akin to bespoke clothing. In theory this should mean that consumers could be provided ads that are tailored to their individual preferences, providing bene t in speci city. The real abuse here,then, is in the targeting of Facebook users’ political beliefs via an exploitation of their consent for information to be used in an academic setting.

Far from academic, the treatment of political speech in this country is subject to numerous restrictions and protections. Our mores permit us to decline stating who we voted for, our companies cannot prosecute us for our political beliefs and sloganeering is prohibited outside of the voting booth. It follows that Facebook could not have erred in permitting Cambridge Analytica to deliberately mislead users. While individuals could have declined to take payments or provide answers, there was no way for them to have known the end-use of the information; Facebook did. Cambridge has every right to engage in political information gathering, but users also have a superseding right to fully understand what they’re partaking in.

As a designer, I often think about the impact I have on a project and whether the moral dimensions of that should pertain to me. A graphic designer, for example, would have partaken in the layout of the survey. Still, the content, sequence and eventual use of that survey is decided by of cials in higher positions. The designer is not privy to their intentions, and while he or she may abstain from organizations that clash with their worldview, it is not always possible for individuals seeking to make a living. It is the obligation of the gatekeeper, in this case Facebook, to negotiate the boundaries of unethical behavior on their medium.

SOURCES

 

The New York Times; Facebook Faces Growing Pressure Over Data and Privacy Inquiries https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/20/business/ftc-facebook-pri- vacy-investigation.html?hp&action=click&pgtype=Homepage&- clickSource=story-heading&module= rst-column-region&re- gion=top-news&WT.nav=top-news

BBC; Data row: Facebook’s Zuckerberg Will Not Appear Before MPs http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-43554135

The Guardian; Facebook’s Week of Shame https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/mar/24/face- book-week-of-shame-data-breach-observer-revelations-zucker- berg-silence

Al Jazeera; Cambridge Analytica and Facebook: The Scandal so Far https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/03/cambridge-analytica-face- book-scandal-180327172353667.html

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